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初中英语:there be结构的特殊句型

2018-04-28 16:51:40 来源:优胜教育网整理 作者:本站编辑

there be句型的几种特殊结构及其用法归纳。

  there be句型的几种特殊结构及其用法归纳,总结如下:


  一、there be句型与各种情态动词连用。


  例如:There must be something wrong here.


  There might still be some vacant seats in the rear.


  There ought to be something with which to fill your stocking.


  二、there be句型中的谓语动词be被be likely to be,happen to be,seem(to be),occur等代替,用来描写事物。


  例如:There are likely to be more difficulties than they have been prepared for.


  There happened to be nobody in the room.


  There doesn’t seem to be much hope of our beating that team.


  There have occurred many great changes since we met last.


  三、there be句型中的谓语动词be被一些不及物动词代替,如live,stand,exist,remain等,用来表示"静止、存在、有"。


  There lives a family of five in the village.


  There remains nothing more to be done.


  四、there be句型中的谓语动词be被一些不及物动词代替,如come,spring up,appear,emerge,arrive,enter,follow,等,用来表示"突然出现"。


  There appears to be no substitute for this stuff yet.


  There came a company of actors and actresses.


  There followed a spirited discussion after class.


  五、there be句型中be用不定式,形成"(for)there to be+宾格词"结构,表示"有"或"存在(某种情况)",在"(for)there to be+宾格词"的结构中,主语是宾格词。这种不定式结构在句中作逻辑宾语、状语和主语。


  1."there to be+宾格词"在句中作宾语。例如:


  The students expected there to be more reviewing classes before the final exams.


  People don’t want there to be anotherwar.


  Members like there to be plenty of choice.


  2."for there to be+宾格词"在句中作状语。


  It isn’t cold enough for there to be a frost tonight,so I can leave Jim’s car out quite safely.


  3."there to be+宾格词"在句中作主语。


  It’s a great pity for there to be much trouble in the company.


  It is impossible for there to be any more apples.


  For there to be so few people in the streets was unusual.


  六、there be句型中be用V-ing分词,形成"(of)there being+宾格词"结构,表示"有"或"存在(某种情况)",在"(of)there be-ing+宾格词"的结构中,主语是宾格词。


  1."there being+宾格词"在句中作宾语。例如:


  Have you ever thought of there being so many work units for you to choose on the talent’s meeting?


  2."there being+宾格词"在句中作状语。例如:


  There being no cause for alarm,she went back to her bedroom.


  3."there being+宾格词"在句中作主语。例如:


  There being a bus stop so near the house is a great advantage.


  七、there be句型中be用be+V-ed分词,形成"there be+V-ed分词+宾格词"结构,表示"有"或"存在??(某种情况)",在"there be+V-ed分词+宾格词"的结构中,主语是宾格词。例如:


  There was found a lot of food in the kitchen cupboard.


  There are now published millions of books every year in China.


  There was shown at the exhibition an electronic computer made in Shanghai.


  八、"there be no+主语名词"的习惯用法。


  1.V-ing分词在"there be no"结构中作主语,表示"不可能"、"无法"。例如:


  There is no denying the fact that China is still a developing country.


  There is no joking about such matters.


  There is no telling what will happen to him next.


  2.there is no point+V-ing分词,表示"没有必要","无用","没有意义","没有用处"。例如:


  We are disappointed with the new officer elected in our bridge club,but thereis no point worrying about it.


  3.there is no use+V-ing分词,表示"无用","没有意义","没有用处"。例如:


  There is no use advising him to give up smoking.


  4.there is no good+V-ing分词,表示"无用","没有意义","没有用处","没有益处"。例如:


  There is no good discussing the matter with such a fool.


  九、在由"there be+主语名词"引起的句子中,修饰主语的情况。


  1.在由"there be+主语名词"引起的句子中,用来修饰主语的不定式可以用被动形式,也可以用主动形式。例如:


  There is no time to lose/to be lost.


  There are still many things to take care of/to be taken care of.在口语中多用主动形式。但是有时候两种形式可能表示不同的意思。试比较:


  There is nothing to do now.(We have nothing to do now.)


  There is nothing to be done now.(We can do nothing now.)


  There is nothing to see(nothing worth seeing).


  There is nothing to be seen(nothing there at all).


  2.在由"there be+主语名词"引起的句子中,用来修饰主语的分词或分词短语在意思上相当于一个定语从句。例如:


  There were 200children studying(=who were studying)m usic,dancing,or dram atics.


  Is there anything planned(=that has been planned)for tonight?


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